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Diskussionspapiere - Hannover Economic Papers (HEP)

Gender Differences in the Development of Other-Regarding Preferences

Autor: Katrin John and Stephan L. Thomsen
Nummer: 607, Sep 2017, pp. 27
JEL-Class: C91, D03, J16

Abstract:
We use data from a gender-neutral dictator and public goods game setting to analyze differences in other-regarding preferences between boys and girls aged 10 to 17. The results indicate a higher mean of dictator giving, degree of egalitarian decisions and lower frequency of selfish decisions, free-riding and efficiency concerns for girls. Gender differences are already established at approximately age 10. They cannot be explained by gender-specific increases in other-regarding preferences, differences in dispositions or the impact of personality traits. We conclude that genes and early social learning are the sources of gender differences in other-regarding preferences.

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